Who is protected by the ADA?

The ADA covers people with either physical or mental disabilities. One must meet the ADA requirement of a “qualified individual with a disability” who can perform the essential functions of a job without a “reasonable accommodation.”

There are three different groups of individuals who are protected under the Act:
1. A “qualified individual” with a physical or mental impairment that “substantially limits” a “major life activity.”
2. A person who has a record of a disability .
3. A person who is regarded as having a disability.

Some conditions, such as illnesses resulting from current illegal drug use, are specifically excluded under the ADA.

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